personal pronouns in Punjabi

Punjabi is written not in one but in three alphabets-Urdu,Hindi and Gurmukhi.Here I've used the Gurmukhi script.
Gurmukhi script Transliteration English
ਮੈਂ maiṃ I http://dic.learnpunjabi.org/sound/30/main1.wav
ਅਸੀਂ asīṃ we http://dic.learnpunjabi.org/sound/2/assinn.wav
ਤੂੰ tūṃ you (sg) http://dic.learnpunjabi.org/sound/21/too.wav
ਤੁਸੀਂ tusīṃ you (pl) http://dic.learnpunjabi.org/sound/21/tussan.wav
ਉਹ uh this, he,she,it http://dic.learnpunjabi.org/sound/1/Oh.wav
ਇਹ ih that, he,she,it http://dic.learnpunjabi.org/sound/3/eh.wav


These pronouns change form according to the case used.

 First person forms. sg ਮੇਰਾ mērā, ਮੇਰੇ mērē, ਮੇਰੀ mērī, ਮੇਰੀਆਂ mērīāṃ pl ਸਾਡਾ sāḍā, ਸਾਡੇ sāḍē, ਸਾਡੀ sāḍī, ਸਾਡੀਆਂ sāḍīāṃ;  

Second person forms sg/pl ਤੇਰਾ tērā, ਤੇਰੇ tērē, ਤੇਰੀ tērī, ਤੇਰੀਆਂ tērīāṃ, ਤੁਹਾਡਾ tuhāḍā, ਤੁਹਾਡੇ tuhāḍē, ਤੁਹਾਡੀ tuhāḍī, ਤੁਹਾਡੀਆਂ tuhāḍīāṃ

 third person forms ਉਹਦਾ uhdā, ਉਹਦੇ uhdē, ਉਹਦੀ uhdī, ਉਹਦੀਆਂ uhdīāṃ, ਇਹਦਾ ihdā, ਇਹਦੇ ihdē, ਇਹਦੀ ihdī, ਇਹਦੀਆਂ ihdīāṃ

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What is a Hieroglyph?

A Hieroglyph is literally a 'sacred carving'- a character usually an image carved in stone.From Greek hiero-sacred- and glyph-to carve,to sculpt.
RA- HIEROGLYPHIC SUN
Ra-the Sun-God in Egyptian Hieroglyphics
The Greeks called the Ancient Egyptian writting Hieroglyphics because it was used by priests and was originally carved in stone and ocassionaly in wood.

Cursive forms of the script existed written on papyrus and wood. Each Egyptian Hieroglyph represented- to make things simple- either a syllable or a whole word.Some of the glyphs had alphabetic values-marked one single letter.

These are known as the Hieroglyphic alphabet. Technically Hieroglyphics can be the sacred writting of any civilization such the Babylonian cuniform script or the Mayan glyphs.
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Farscheinkontrolle! Ticket control! (German)


-Farcheinkontrolle!
Ticket control!
Φάρσαϊν-κοντρόλε!
Έλεγχος εισιτηρίων!

-Ihre Farscheine,bitte!
Your tickets ,please.
Ίρε φάρ-σάινε μπίτε.
Τα εισιτήριά σας,παρακαλώ.

Der Farschein
the ticket
ντέα φάρσαϊν
το εισιτήριο




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der Bus - in the German bus
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στο γερμανικό λεωφορείο
μάθε γερμανικές φράσεις από ταινίες



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Terminator in Italian -Bella serata per passegiare?


Ο Εξολοθρευτής στα ιταλικά.


-Bella serata per passegiare?

-Nice night for a walk ?
Ωραία βραδιά για βόλτα;


bella - nice (f)  ,ωραία
serata - night σεράτα,βραδιά
per - for
passegiare-to have a walk , πασετζιάρε,κάνω περίπατω






Read also.Διάβασε επίσης.
βασικές ιταλικές φράσεις
207 βασικές ιταλικές λέξεις
ιταλικές φράσεις.

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The four-year-old Polyglot.


This amazing little girl speaks fluently seven languages-Russian,German,English,Spanish,French,Chinese and Arabic!She has multiple nunnies who tought her how to speak.Such cases of polyglottery are very rare but do exist.




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And what I do when I have a bad dream...(English)



And what I do when I have a bad dream

энд уот ай ду уэн ай хэв э бэд дриим

И что я делаю когда мне снится плохой сон

and -энд = и
what -уот=что
I -ай =я
do -ду= делаю
when -уэн= когдa
have -хэв= имею, у меня
a -э = один,одна,одно
bad -бэд= плохой
dream -дриим= сон
bad dream -бэд дриим =плохой сон
to have a dream  -ту хэв э дриим= мне снится сон





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Die Bewegung (German)

die Bewegung
movement
ντι μπεβέγκουνγκ
κίνηση

Bewegung!
Move it
Προχώρα!



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διάβασε επίσης
die Schwierigkeit

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Ich will zu Herrn Gerber.(German)




Ich will zu Herrn Gerber.
I'm looking for Mr.Gerber.
Ψάχνω τον κύριο Γκέρμπερ.


- Der ist noch nicht da.
He's not here yet.
Δεν είναι εδώ.Δεν ήρθε ακόμα.


Ich will=I want. Θέλω.









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Smile (English)


smile

смайл

улыбнись



Lovely bones.
милые кости.






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My name is Salmon,like the fish.(English)



My name is Salmon,like the fish.

Май нейм из Салмон лайк де фиш.

Меня зовут Салмон(кита) как рыба.
Ich heisse Lachs wie der Fisch.
Με λένε Σολωμό όπως το ψάρι.

Lovely bones.
милые кости.


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Erzähl doch mal. (German)


Erzähl doch mal.
Tell me.


Knallhart(2006)



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Was ist passiert? (German)


Was ist passiert?
What happened?

Erzähl doch mal.
Tell me.




Knallhart (2006)
via ytCropper


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on the phone (Russian)


звони по этому номеру
Call this number

он мне назвал мой номер!
'He dictated MY number!'

Продиктуй мне свой номер (телефона).
Tell me your number.

Вы не туда попали.
Wrong number!

Она не берёт (трубку).
There's no answer.

Я не могу дозвониться (уже неделю).
I cannot get through for a week now.


Можно Оксану?

'Mozhna A'ksanu?
Can I talk to Oksana please?
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Cleopatra in Hieroglyphics


Cleopatra in Egyptian hieroglyphs was written as qljwp3drt3 -all consonants- hence Cleopatra.

only consonants
Ancient Egyptians used mainly consonants to write much like in Semitic languages.

The j,w,3 signs in the name are in fact consonants which we assume that were followed by i,o,a vowels accordingly.We cannot be sure about which vowels followed in the spoken language.So,we simply write i,o,a for ease of reading.

For example,the vulture sign is actually the '3' consonant followed by A.We just write it as A.

Vulture sign
'A' in Hieroglyphics

the egg determinative
At end it is used the egg determitative which means son,humanity and it is a common determitative for the name of goddesses.For example it was commonly used to write the name for Egyptian goddess Isis.
Garder listed it as H8.
the egg determinative sign

Being a determinative the egg is not read here.The word for egg in Egyptian was swht.

Cleopatra used this determitative for her name,too.


Variations

Of course there are other ways to write the name Cleopatra in hieroglyphics.Here is another one.



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Ancient polyglots-Cleopatra
the Egyptian Hieroglyphic alphabet

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Ancient polyglots-Cleopatra


Did you know that the Egyptian Queen Cleopatra was a polyglot?

Queen Cleopatra VII Philopator-Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt
Reign 51–30 BC
Origin-Greek
languages- Greek,Egyptian,Kushitic (Ethiopian),Arabian,Aramaic,Troglodyte,Parthian.It is said that she had difficulty speaking Latin,though.



According to Plutarch Egyptian queen Cleopatra had a flair for languages and she was a polyglot.She spoke many languages along with Greek-her mother tongue.

She even spoke the language of the Troglodytes (οἱ τρωγλοδύται) -the cave dwellers,literally the cave 'divers' in Ancient Greek.


Herodot wrote that their language was unique and sounded like no other:
τετρίγασι κατά περ αἱ νυκτερίδες 
They spoke like bats!
Plutarch praises her sweet voice and the easines with which she could switch from one language to another.It is mentioned that she rarely used an interpreter.


Plutarch on Cleopatra being a polyglot:
It was a pleasure merely to hear the sound of her voice, with which, 
like an instrument of many strings, she could pass from one language 
to another; so that there were few of the barbarian nations that she
answered by an interpreter; to most of them she spoke herself, as
to the Ethiopians, Troglodytes, Hebrews, Arabians, Assyrians, Medes,
Parthians, and many others, whose language she had learnt; which
was all the more surprising because most of the kings, her 
predecessors, scarcely gave themselves the trouble to acquire the Egyptian tongue, and several of them quite abandoned the Macedonian.

Nevertheless,most of the languages that Cleopatra spoke were related to each other-they were Afroasiatic with the exception of Parthian and Greek of course.

Still speaking many languages- even related ones-with ease is no easy feat.


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Learn German phrases with movies.

Learn German phrases with movies.


Μάθε γερμανικές φράσεις από ταινίες.

Kurz und schmerzlos. Short Sharp Shock.

Der Dude leckt deine Frau ab.
Die Dinge sind schwer zu bekommen.
Gefällt sie dir?
Siehst du den Zigeuner her?

Knallhart
Was ist passiert?
Erzähl doch mal.

Getürkt
eine scharfe Sonnenbrille
nix -nothing in German

various
Komm mal raus!
Ich rede mit dir.


Chiko
Lass frei.

Schwarzfarher
Farscheinkontrolle!


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Swedish greetings

listen to the phrases
God morgon.
Good morning

God dag.
good day

God eftermiddag.
good afternoon

God kväll.
good evening

God natt.
good night

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Who are you? (English)


Who are you?
Ху ар ю?
Ты кто?
Wer bist du?
Ποιός είσαι;



Who (Ху) ,кто,wer,ποιός
are (ар) bist,есть,είσαι
you (ю) Ты,вы, du,sie, εσύ,εσείς


via ytCropper


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Where is everybody? (English)


Where is everybody?

уэар из эври-бади?

Where's everybody?
уэарз эври-бади?

Wo sind alle?
Где все?
Πού πήγαν όλοι;

where=уэар=где
is=есть
everybody=все



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Der Dude leckt deine Frau ab.(German)


Der Dude leckt deine Frau ab.

He is kissing (licking) your woman.

Αυτός πασπατεύει τη γυναίκα σου.


Kurz und Schmerzlos (1998)
Short Sharp Shock


via ytCropper 


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I close my eyes.(English)




I close my eyes

ай клоуз май айз

Я закрываю глаза.
Ich schließe meine Augen.


I=Я
close=закрываю
eyes=глаза

my= мои


 
Triangle (2009),British film.

via ytCropper


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Die Dinge sind schwer zu bekommen.(German)



Die Dinge sind schwer zu bekommen.

These things are hard to find.

Αυτά τα πράγματα είναι δύσκολο να τα βρεις.

die Dinge - the things
sind - are
schwer (shvea) - difficult
bekommen - to find


via ytCropper
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eine scharfe Sonnenbrille (German)


eine scharfe Sonnenbrille

sharp sunglasses

ωραία γυαλιά



Getürkt ,Fatih Akin,1996
via ytCropper


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Gefällt sie dir? (German)



Gefällt sie dir?

Do you like it?

Σου αρέσει;



Kurz und schmerzlos,Fatih Akin,1998




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Komm mal raus! (German)


Komm mal raus!

Get out!

Βγες έξω!

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Ich rede mit dir (German)


Ich rede mit dir.

I'm talking to you.

Σου μιλάω.


Gegen die Wand ,Fatih Akin, 2004

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Lass frei (German)




Lass frei!

Drop it!

Πέτα το κάτω!

via YouTube Cutter
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Willst du mit? (German)

Willst du mit?

Do you want to come?
Θέλεις να ρθεις;


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паводок (Russian)






паводок

flood
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простой сельский парень (Russian)



Что за бред -"простой сельский парень" , вроде речь идет не о конструкторе окончившим советский ВУЗ, окруженным такими же инженерами в конструкторском бюро , имеющим в своем распоряжение материалы , станки , специалистов разных уровней,новейшие лаборатории , самую мощную вычислительную технику на тот момент , аэродинамические устройства , и т.д. и т.п. а о сельском хлопце соорудившем на коленке с помощь. топора и зубила современный двигатель ... ха - ха - ха ... говорите уже простой СОВЕТСКИЙ парень ... ну и нация , ну и люди ... две - три ( на тысячу ) поганых овцы , портят все стадо ...

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A che nome scusi? (Italian)

A che nome scusi? 

Under what name?

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mit einem Messer in der Hand (German)


mit einem Messer in der Hand


with a knife in hand



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игра не стоит свеч (Russian)



игра не стоит свеч

not worth the trouble,
game is not worth the candle

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занести в черный список (Russian)



занести в черный список

zanesti f chiorniy spisok
to blacklist

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запах гари (Russian)



запах гари

za'pakh ga'ri
the smell of burning
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вода (Russian)



стекает вода у тебя много волос Сначала вода начинается холодная потом накаляется.(кран) www.lingetscript.com

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Παραδίδονται μαθήματα αγγλικών μέσω SKYPE.



Παραδίδονται μαθήματα αγγλικών μέσω SKYPE από μεταπτυχιακή καθηγήτρια με σπουδές στην Αγγλία και μακρόχρονη εμπειρία.

 Όλα τα επίπεδα και πτυχία.

Επιμόρφωση ενηλίκων.

Η διδασκαλία γίνεται μέσω βιβλίων και πλούσιου εκπαιδευτικού υλικού.

 Τα μαθήματα είναι εξατομικευμένα και για παιδιά και για ενήλικες.

Για περισσότερες πληροφορίες--τηλ. 6995365850, email yioula068@gmail.com
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Сиськи оторвать, лифчик на жопу натянуть!





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наводка (Russian)



навозка

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я не брался за починку (Russian)



я не брался за починку www.lingetscript.com

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прошвырнуться (Russian)



прошвырнуться 
to stretch one's legs 

 

Прошвырнусь до площади. www.lingetscript.com

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неприметно одетый (Russian)



неприметно одетый Так, что трудно или невозможно заметить, увидеть; незаметно.

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Трущобы (Russian)



Трущобы Slum
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Lass mich den Deal machen.(German)

Lass mich den Deal machen

Let me do the deal.

der Deal.

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Torenzicht hotel review. (Amsterdam)

Location
Oudezijds Achterburgwal 93,Amsterdam,the Netherlands
Right in the red-light district,down-town Amsterdam.
The reception and entrance to the hotel is the bar.
 


The torenzicht hotel at booking.com



This was my room at the Torenzicht hotel.
Very small room which is probably typical for the Netherlands to save space.
There is a very tight staircase leading to the room.A big person can barely walk up the stairs.






Time of visit
November 2013

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Frankfurt from the inside of a bus.(vid)

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Siehst du den Zigeuner her? (German)

Zigeuner
gipsy

Siehst du den Zigeuner her?
Do you see that gipsy over there?


via ytCropper

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nix - nothing in German

nix

νίξ

or

nichts

1.nothing (colloquial), τίποτα (καθομιλουμένη)
2.no way (αποκλείεται)

Ich habe nix/nichts gesagt.
I didn't say anything.
Ιχ χάμπε νίξ γκεζάκτ.
Δεν είπα τίποτα.


Nix! Jetzt ist Schluss hier!
Νίξ.Γιέτστ ιστ Σλούς χία!
No way! That's it now!
Αποκλείεται.Φτάνει!

Getürkt (1996)


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διάβασε επίσης
die Schwierigkeit

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Unkraut (German)

Unkraut
weed

Es sieht aus wie Unkraut.
It looks like weed.

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Van Gogh self portrait (Amsterdam)

This a self portait of Van Gogh exibited in the Van Gogh museum at museumplein in Amsterdam.



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Amsterdam Central Station (1)

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Messer (German)

mit einem Messer in der Hand

with a knife in (his/her) hand

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Appartment review - Basseinaya 23 ,Kiev


Ул. Бассейная 23, Центр, Киев

This is the official page of this appartment at dobovo.com 


Time of visit
December 2015

cons
These pictures are photoshopped so that the appartment looks bigger.'Italian furniture' photos do not correspond to reality.




Here are the actual photos of the appartment.




pros
Right in the center of Kiev.Everything within reach.Simple and comfortable appartment .Very good for lone travelers or pairs.


Location


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Barcelonetta beach -2- (Barcelona)


The beautiful Barcelonetta beach in Barcelona,Spain.



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es scheint (German)


es scheint

it seems

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Las Ramblas (Barcelona)

Σχεδόν όλοι οι τουρίστες,όταν βρεθούν στη Βαρκελώνη,το πρώτο μέρος που επισκέπτονται είναι ο δρόμος Λας Ράμπλας ή λα Ράμπλα ή λε Ράμπλε ,αναλόγως πώς προτιμάται να το πείτε,στα ισπανικά (καστεγιάνο) ή τα καταλανικά (καταλά)

Το μέρος σφίζει από τουρίστες με διάφορα 'αξιοθέατα' ,όπως ζωντανά αγάλματα!
Αστυνομικοί συνομιλούν με το 'άγαλμα' Ρωμαίου αυτοκράτορα.

Στο τέλος της πλατείας προς το λιμάνι είναι το άγαλμα του Κολόμβου που δείχνει προς τη θάλασσα.


Υπάρχουν πολλές διαφωνίες σχετικά με το πού δείχνει.Ο καλλιτέχνης το κατασκεύασε με το σκεπτικό ότι δείχνει στο Νέο Κόσμο,όμως το τοποθέτησαν στραμμένο προς τη Μεσόγειο,προς τη θάλασσα,απ'όπου ξεκίνησε το ταξίδι του.

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Frankfurt botanical garden (Germany)

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Russian zero gravity chamber (Chelyabinsk)

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