συνοπτικά στοιχεία για τα Παστόپشتو
spoken in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran and from the Pashtun diaspora abroad
regionCentral Asia-South Asia
number of speakers50 million
language familyIndo-European, Iranian branch
scriptPashto alphabet, a variant of the Perso-Arabic alphabet
official language in Afghanistan and Pakistan

Pashto, also known as Afghani, is an Iranian language spoken primarily by the Pashtun people in Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan, as well as the Pashtun diaspora in various countries.

languages in Afghanistan

Pashto belongs to the Eastern Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian language family.It is estimated that the number of Pashto speakers is about 50 million worldwide.The Constitution of Afghanistan proclaims Pashto as one of the two official languages of the country (the other official language is Dari (Persian of Afghanistan)

Geographical distribution

In Afghanistan,Pashto is spoken mainly in the east,south,southwest,but also in parts of the north,west and northwest of the country.There is no precise data on the number of speakers,but it is estimated that Pashto is the first language for 35-50% of the population of Afghanistan.

Pashto is also one of the languages of Pakistan by about 12.5%,mainly in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa,the Federally Administered Tribal Areas and northwestern Balochistan as well as parts of Mianwali and Attock districts in Punjabi province.Modern communities of Pashto speakers are also found in the cities of Karachi and Hyperabad in Sindh province.

Karachi has the largest Pashtun population in the world, with 7 million ethnic Pashtuns according to some estimates.Other Pashtun-speaking communities are found in northeastern Iran, mainly in South Khorasan Province, east of Qaen, near the borders with Afghanistan and Tajikistan.Pashtun communities are also found in the northwestern part of Jammu and Kashmir as well as in Uttar Pradesh,in India.

A sizable Pashtun speaking community also exists in the Middle East, especially in the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia; in the USA, the UK, Thailand, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, Qatar, Sweden and Austria.


No comments:

Post a Comment

Translate from English,Russian into Greek


Τελευταια γλωσσα που προστεθηκε.

Recently updated posts. Πρόσφατες

Popular Posts

Recent comments


Blog Archive