Aromanian grammar/βλάχικη γραμματική

Introduction

Aromanian is an Eastern Romance language spoken in Southeastern Europe. Its speakers are called Aromanians.

Verb conjugation

Aromanian grammar does have some features that distinguish it from Romanian, an important one being the complete disappearance of verb infinitives. As such, the tenses and moods that in Romanian use the infinitive (like the future simple tense and the conditional mood), in Aromanian they are formed in other ways. For the same reason, verb entries in dictionaries are given in their indicative mood, present tense, first person, singular form.

Present

ConjugationIIIIIIIVV
1.sg.cîntuvedudîcumorupatu
3.sg.cîntiveadi
1.pl. pîtîmu
2.pl. pîtîti
3.pl. vedu
  • Other verbs of I conjugation: dau, lucrédu
  • Other verbs of II conjugation: sedu, armînu, vidu,
  • Other verbs of III conjugation: ducu, cunóscu, tórcu, árdu
  • Other verbs of IV conjugation: fugu, ndultéscu, acoápiru
  • Other verbs of V conjugation: avdu,mvirdáscu

Imperfect

ConjugationIIIIIIIVV
3.sg.lucrá-yinea--

Perfect simple

ConjugationIIIIIIIVV
1.sg.cîntáibiúicunoscúi pîtîi
2.sg.cîntasibiúsi
3.sg.cîntabiú
1.pl.cîntámubiúmu
2.pl.cîntátubiútu
3.pl.cîntárîbiúrî

Irregular forms: 1.sg. dusu (

Past Perfect

Pluperfect is formed with the auxiliary verb amu in present and the past participle: amu, ai, ari, avemu, avetî, au + p.p.

Pluperfect

Pluperfect is formed with the auxiliary verb amu in past and the past participle: aveamu, aveai, avea, aveamu, aveatî, avea + p.p.

Future

Future is formed with the uninflected va or vai, s(i) and the conjunctive present of the verb.

1.sg.va s-cîntu
2.sg.va s-cîntî
3.sg.va s-cîntî
1.pl.va s-cîntámu
2.pl.va s-cîntátî
3.pl.va s-cîntî

Past participle:

ConjugationIIIIIIIVV
P.p.cîntátîbiútîcunoscútîfugiipîtîtî

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